Quietly, Rust Becoming More Active In South

Soybean rust, which survives on leaves of kudzu as well as soybean plants, was not active early this year in Gulf Coast states, where it is annually detected first during the growing season. Hot, dry weather, including severe drought in Texas, has kept the rust spores from spreading through the air.

The most recent report was in a commercial research plot in Marion County, FL on Aug. 17. Two days prior, soybean rust was reported in nine new counties in Mississippi, all in commercial soybean fields, and soybean rust could no longer be detected in Texas. On Aug. 13, soybean rust was reported in Tensas County, LA on soybeans, and in Suwannee County, FL on kudzu. In 2009, soybean rust has been found in seven states and 54 counties in U.S., and in two states and five municipalities in Mexico.

Florida
“Soybean rust is continuing to develop in Florida,” says James Marois, University of Florida plant pathologist. “Since Aug. 5, five new counties have become positive, and there are now 14 positive counties in Florida. Tropical Storm Claudette is bringing large amounts of rain to the panhandle and expected to travel northwest.

Marois advises Florida growers and retailers to “be on the lookout for soybean rust. With the recent rains and the maturing crop we are likely to begin to encounter field infections.”

Mississippi
Soybean rust was detected Aug. 13 in a commercial soybean field just west of Stoneville/Leland. According to Tom Allen, Mississipi State University (MSU) plant pathologist and Troy Koger, soybean Extension specialist, “the soybeans were at the R7 growth stage. Levels of rust within the field were low. The soybean field had NOT received an R3/R4 fungicide application.”

The following day, soybean rust was reported in commercial soybean fields in Carroll, Grenada, Humphreys, Leflore, Montgomery, Sunflower, Yallabusha, and Yazoo counties. “Rust levels were extremely low in all of the fields save for one field in Montgomery County, immediately east of Winona, MS,” say Allen and Koger. “All soybean fiels were beyond R5.7, so they are out of the woods and would not require treatment.

Louisiana
According to Clayton Hollier, Louisiana State University plant pathologist, “three commercial fields of soybeans were found to be positive this week — all in Iberia Parish. Incidences were 18 percent, 7 percent, and 4 percent respectively and were in either R7 to R8 depending on location.”

Hollier adds that “Tensas Parish was positive for one location in a research plot with 10 percent incidence. The beans were in R6-7.”

Texas
As of Aug. 15, soybean plants are maturing throughout Texas, at least at pod fill or more mature. However, there are plants in the seedling stage in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, which will be the fall crop there, according to Tom Isakeit, Texas A&M University plant pathologist.

“There is still no rust at any the soybean sentinel sites in Texas,” Isakeit says. “The rust at one kudzu site, in Livingston, Polk County, in east Texas, is no longer detectable. Continued dry weather in central and southern Texas will not support establishment and development of rust.

“Recent rains in east Texas have not increased the risk there, as there is apparently no source of spores to start an epidemic,” he adds. “At this time, no preventative fungicides are recommended anywhere in the state.”

Isakeit also observes that “mineral deficiencies — particularly iron — are becoming apparent in some fields undergoing moisture stress. Some of these symptoms may resemble rust.”

Missouri
Because of the proximity of the recent Arkansas and Mississippi detections, Missouri officials have put their soybean rust scouts on alert. The findings are about 250 miles from southeast Missouri.

“Soybean rust has not been detected in Missouri this year,” says Allen Wrather, University of Missouri (MU) Extension plant pathologist. “This is the first find of rust this year in those two states. The weather during the next few weeks will greatly impact the spread of rust.”

Soybean rust has been found in Missouri four of the last five years, but always late in September or October, near harvest. Wet weather in Missouri this spring delayed planting. “Soybean maturity and harvest will be later than normal,” Wrather says. “Rust that develops in September might damage late-maturing soybean plans and reduce yield.”

For most of the 2009 growing season, prevailing winds have been from the northwest, bringing cooler than normal weather to the region. That may change with the coming hurricane season, Wrather says.

Leave a Reply

Featured Stories

Eric SfiligojMAGIE 2014: A ShowStopping Event
August 8, 2014
The kick-off to the summer show season, Midwest AG Industries Exposition (MAGIE), takes place next week in Bloomington, IL. Read More
EmployeesAsmark Institute Dedicates New Training Center To Ford West
August 6, 2014
The Asmark Institute plans to recognize the retired industry leader's years of service to the fertilizer industry at the new state-of-the-art facility in Owensboro, KY. Read More
StewardshipMonsanto Joins Panel Of Innovators To Advance Research On Climate Change And Farming
July 30, 2014
Monsanto Co. and The Climate Corp., its division, recently joined a roundtable of experts at the White House to share ideas and research approaches to help the world’s farmers manage and adapt to the impact of climate change on the global food supply. Read More
Eric SfiligojYuma Centennial Ag Supply Earns 2014 National Environmental Respect Award Honors
July 28, 2014
Colorado-based ag retailer receives top trophy in 24th annual DuPont Crop Protection/CropLife ceremony. Read More

Trending Articles

EquipmentAdvance Your Technology IQ At MAGIE
August 13, 2014
The Midwest AG Industries Exposition (August 20-21) is the place you need to be to see, study and evaluate how new advances in the equipment, operations, crop protection and fertility sectors can help your business prosper. Read More
HerbicidesScouting Key To Next Season’s Soybean Herbicide Program
August 12, 2014
When growing soybeans, growers need to think ahead to stay one step ahead of weeds. That means examining weed threats and evaluating which herbicides work best. Read More
StewardshipMichigan Agriculture Leaders On Toledo Water Ban: We Want To Be Part Of The Conversation
August 8, 2014
Leaders of Michigan agricultural organizations said Thursday that the government should not have a “knee-jerk reaction” based on last weekend’s water ban in Toledo due to fertilizer run-off in Lake Erie. Read More
CropLife 100BRANDT Acquires Lemon Ag Services
August 4, 2014
The acquisition of Lemon Ag fits BRANDT’s aggressive corporate strategy of providing superior agronomic advice and services for customers in central Illinois. Read More
Eric SfiligojThe Resurgence Of Crop Protection
August 4, 2014
Plenty of new offerings over the next few years should see a rebirth for the crop protection products category in terms of market share. Read More
LegislationUSDA Implements Key Farm Bill Crop Insurance Provision
July 30, 2014
The new Supplemental Coverage Option, available through the federal crop insurance program and set to begin with the 2015 crop year, is designed to help protect producers from yield and market volatility. Read More

Latest News

FungicidesVerdesian Links Up With Mitsui, Hokusan
August 20, 2014
Mitsui Chemicals Agro, Inc., and Hokusan Co., announced the signing of an exclusive licensing agreement allowing Verdesian Life Sciences global access to its patented technology for suppressing mycotoxin contamination in wheat and barley. Read More
SprayersUniversity Of Illinois Introduces New Spray App
August 18, 2014
University of Illinois Extension has released a new smartphone app for making sprayer-related calculations. Pesticide Spray Calculator, or Spray Calc, Read More
Crop InputsSyngenta Names New Manager Of Federal Government Relati…
August 18, 2014
Laura Wood Peterson has joined Syngenta as manager of federal government relations, based in Washington, DC. Read More
ManagementExpert To Discuss Farmland Value, Rent At Farm Science …
August 18, 2014
While cropland values in Ohio increased in the past two years, they have remained flat in 2014, declining in some cases, according to an Ohio State University agricultural economist. Read More
EquipmentDeere Announces Factory Layoffs
August 18, 2014
Deere & Co. has announced it will reduce the size of its manufacturing workforce at some agricultural equipment factories in response to current market demand for its products. Read More
HerbicidesNew DuPont Afforia Herbicide Gives Crops A Clean Start
August 18, 2014
DuPont Afforia is a preplant herbicide for soybeans and other field crops that provides excellent burndown and residual control of many challenging weeds, such as marestail and waterhemp. Read More
Equipment21 Products Showcased At MAGIE 2014
August 18, 2014
The annual Midwest AG Industries Exposition is upon us. Here is CropLife IRON's look at some of the products visitors can expect to see at this week's event. Read More
EquipmentAGCO Seeks Nominations For 2014 Operator Of The Year
August 15, 2014
Ag retailers throughout the U.S. and Canada are encouraged to nominate their best applicators. Read More
EquipmentAdvance Your Technology IQ At MAGIE
August 13, 2014
The Midwest AG Industries Exposition (August 20-21) is the place you need to be to see, study and evaluate how new advances in the equipment, operations, crop protection and fertility sectors can help your business prosper. Read More
ManagementCropLife’s Buyers’ Guide Issue Now Availabl…
August 13, 2014
One of our most read issues of the year — the August Buyers' Guide — is ready to download on the iPad. This popular issue features equipment for "In The Field," "At The Plant" and "In The Office." Read More
WebinarsWebinars On Demand
August 13, 2014
Register for one of our upcoming Webinars or access our archive of past Webinars to view recordings of presentations that may be of interest to you. Read More
HerbicidesBASF: Fall Burndown Benefits Go Beyond Weed Control
August 12, 2014
While unpredictable weather may delay application timing of spring herbicides, more growers are adding a burndown application in the fall Read More
HerbicidesScouting Key To Next Season’s Soybean Herbicide P…
August 12, 2014
When growing soybeans, growers need to think ahead to stay one step ahead of weeds. That means examining weed threats and evaluating which herbicides work best. Read More
StewardshipNitrogen Efficiency Supports Environmental Stewardship
August 12, 2014
As growers prepare for another harvest, it’s important to consider how nitrogen stabilization not only supports healthy plant growth but also fosters environmental stewardship. Read More
Seed/BiotechMycogen Seeds Introduces 19 New Corn Hybrids For 2015
August 12, 2014
Many of the new hybrids feature Mycogen's SmartStax Refuge Advanced technology for maximum protection of the genetic potential and planting convenience. Read More
HerbicidesDow AgroSciences Introduces Enlist Ahead App For Enlist…
August 12, 2014
Designed for use with the Enlist Weed Control System, the app is a precision agriculture tool for maximizing weed control performance, managing weed resistance and making responsible applications of Enlist Duo herbicide with Colex-D Technology. Read More
CropLife 100CHS Announces Senior Leadership Team Changes
August 12, 2014
Current CHS strategic leadership team member Shirley Cunningham will assume a new role as executive vice president and chief operating officer, Ag Business and Enterprise Strategy. Read More
ManagementFormulation Chemist Enhances Capabilities For AgriThori…
August 11, 2014
AgriThority has added accomplished formulation chemist Roy Chen to its team of associates supporting new and emerging biotechnologies and conventional chemistries. Read More