Beans In ’08: Good Time To Be Late

A soybean crop planted after floodwaters recede still has a chance to make a profitable yield, says an Extension agronomist.

“Farmers who plant in July will be gambling that there will be a late frost this year,” says Bill Wiebold, University of Missour (MU) Extension agronomist. “Yields will be lower, but with expected prices of $15 per bushel, a late crop could be profitable. It makes sense to try for something.”

“We have no soybean yield research on a crop planted this late,” Wiebold told MU regional agronomists in a teleconference. “We never thought we would be planting a first crop this late in the season.”

The best chance for success in mid to late July is with seed for short-season soybeans adapted for Iowa growing seasons, Wiebold said. Some seed suppliers said they will have seed returned after prevented plantings in flooded areas of Iowa.

Soybean varieties are rated according to “maturity groups,” with Group 1 varieties for Minnesota, while Group 2 varieties are grown in Iowa. Most years, Group 3 beans are best suited for northern Missouri and Group 4 for central and southern regions of the state. If growers could have planted the first week of July, Group 3 beans would have been best across much of Missouri.

There is a higher risk of frost damage on soybeans planted late. Soybean pods that are frosted before they mature produce green rather than yellow seed. “Green beans are heavily discounted in price at the elevator,” Wiebold said. “In a normal year they don’t want to buy them.”

Scott Killpack, MU Extension agronomist in St. Charles, MO, said first frost there is typically mid-October. “I expect growers here will stay with Group 3 varieties.”

In east central Missouri, yields from Group 3 should be higher than from Group 2, Wiebold said. However, availability of Group 3 seed may be a problem.

With short-season varieties planted this late in Missouri, Wiebold recommends planting in narrow rows and increasing seeding rate by 25 percent, up to 200,000 seeds per acre. The earlier the crop can be planted the better. However, MU Extension field staff said July 15 may be the earliest that wet fields can be planted after water recedes.

Growers should check with their crop insurance agent before planting any late crop. Planting a crop might interfere with collecting payments for delayed, prevented or damaged plantings if an insurance adjuster has not seen the field.

If possible, Wiebold recommends planting some crop on fields that have been delayed or flooded out. “There is something called the fallow-year syndrome, which reduces yields the following year on land not planted,” Wiebold said. “I never thought I’d be telling farmers to plant soybeans until the end of July, but this year changed the rules of the game.”

Leave a Reply

Latest News
FertilizerSimplot Introduces Fused-Safe Ammonium Sulfate Nitrate …
May 31, 2016
The J. R. Simplot Co.’s new FŪSN fertilizer is now commercially available to growers. Simplot uses advanced technology to fuse Read More
Growmark FS Outlet
StewardshipGROWMARK Recognizes Crop Specialists For Advocating Sus…
May 31, 2016
Five crop specialists who have excelled in engaging farmers in sustainable best management practices are the recipients of the GROWMARK Read More
Fertilizer Dealer Supply
UncategorizedFertilizer Dealer Supply Joins GVM
May 31, 2016
GVM has added Fertilizer Dealer Supply (FDS) to its growing network of Mako dealers. “I met Mark Anderson some 20 years Read More
Crop InputsRepar Registers New Biopesticide With U.S. EPA
May 31, 2016
Repar Corp., with headquarters in Silver Spring, MD, has developed Homobrassinolide 0.1%, a new generation plant growth promoter containing homobrassinolide, Read More
Industry NewsAligned Ag Distributors Names New VP Market Development
May 31, 2016
Aligned Ag Distributors LLC announced this morning the appointment of Tim Krueger to the position of VP Market Development. Krueger Read More
FertilizerCreating The Proper Environment For Yield Increases Wit…
May 31, 2016
Finely tuned nutrient management plans are helping farmers throughout the U.S. improve nutrient use efficiency, increase return on investment (ROI) Read More
Industry NewsJ.R. Simplot Names New Wholesale Agriculture Sales Vice…
May 31, 2016
Doug Stone will be joining the J. R. Simplot Co. as vice president, Wholesale Agricultural Sales within the Simplot AgriBusiness Read More
Adjuvants loading
AdjuvantsISAA 2016 Highlights Adjuvant Trends
May 31, 2016
Adjuvants can significantly improve the performance of crop protection products. Farmers and formulators enhance the efficacy of sprays by using Read More
Monsanto Luling Plant
Eric SfiligojWhat’s Next For Monsanto?
May 31, 2016
For the folks at Monsanto’s headquarters in St. Louis, MO, it has been an eventful few weeks. Back on May Read More
Craig Houin Sunrise Cooperative iPad
Precision AgState Of Precision Ag 2016: Gut Check Time For Value
May 31, 2016
There’s no denying that precision technologies and practices are more vibrant than ever. Equipment manufacturers have fine-tuned the hardware for Read More
ManagementWashington Visit and Bayer/Monsanto Deal Update
May 26, 2016
Editors Paul Schrimpf and Eric Sfiligoj discusses a recent trip to DC and the latest news on the proposed pairing Read More
Fertilizer closeup in hand
Industry NewsVerdesian: Striking A Balance Between Yield & ROI
May 26, 2016
Finely tuned nutrient management plans are helping farmers throughout the U.S. improve nutrient use efficiency, increase return on investment (ROI) Read More
Crop InputsLand O’Lakes Announces Minnesota Water Quality Pa…
May 25, 2016
Governor Mark Dayton and Land O’Lakes, Inc. President and CEO Chris Policinski today announced a new public-private partnership to protect Read More
Soybean Plant closeup
Industry NewsMonsanto Rejects Bayer Bid; Open To More Talks
May 25, 2016
Monsanto Co, the world’s largest seed company, turned down Bayer AG’s $62 billion acquisition bid as “incomplete and financially inadequate” Read More
Corn close up
Crop InputsArysta LifeScience Establishes Global Headquarters In R…
May 25, 2016
Arysta LifeScience has announced plans to relocate its global headquarters from West Palm Beach, FL, to Cary, NC, over the Read More
fertilizer blending and storage, Top 100
BlendersCHS Dakota Expansion Features AGCO’s GSI InterSys…
May 25, 2016
The continued growth of precision agriculture has increased farmer use of customized fertilizer blends best-suited for their soil conditions. Several Read More
ManagementAgriculture 3.5: A Bumpy Road Ahead
May 24, 2016
You may have read my article a few years ago on Agriculture 3.0, which is a term I coined to Read More
Topcon’s X30 display with CropSpec sensors
EquipmentGPS Autosteer Systems: Product Updates From Precision A…
May 24, 2016
Throughout 2015 GPS Steering solutions continued to evolve from what was once an after-market add on, to today’s cab where Read More